Notes to Compare Learning Styles

Loob, M. (2001). Types of learning? Retrieved June 11, 2006, from http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/42/13/34926352.pdf

Auditory Learning Style

  • The auditory learner learns best through the sensory channel of hearing.

  • They learn best when they are able to read information aloud, such as revising their notes by talking to themselves; when they can listen to information; or when they can discuss information with others.

  • Two types of auditory learners; those that find learning easier when listening to lectures, tapes or films (analytical style of learning); and those who learn better when they are able to talk about new information such as in one-to-one or group discussions (relational style of learning).

  • Can benefit from using a tape recorder to record lecture notes to listen to at a later time.

  • To study, the auditory student needs to recite their materials out loud.

  • Study groups are a good learning resource for this type of learner.

Visual Learning Style

  • This type of learner takes in new information best using the visual sensory channel.

  • Tend to learn best when they can read the information, or observe it.

  • They tend to look at the lecturer/teacher when that person is speaking, and take detailed notes.

  • Best suited to graphic or pictorial representations of information; maps, flow charts, mind maps, tables etc.

  • Benefit from revising notes by writing them out in privacy, and using pictorial or graphical aids to represent the information.

  • Often find it difficult to work and talk simultaneously.

  • Two types of visual learners; those who learn best by using written language to take in new information (analytical learning style); and those who learn best by using pictures or other graphics to represent information (global learning style).

  • May be aided in their study by writing out flash cards (i.e., definition of a term on one side, and its meaning on the other); by visualising new information; using colour to aid organisation and connections between new information and existing information.

Haptic Learning Style

  • Learn best by using their sense of touch.

  • Learn best by using their hands, touching and feeling how to accomplish a task.

  • The student may have to move around in order to take in new information, or o thinks about and conceptualises knowledge.

  • May benefit from standing at their desk to learn, pacing around the room, reading and stretching or riding a stationary bike, even chewing gum!

  • May need to vary their activities to be able to concentrate on taking in new information.

  • May find they are easily distracted, and so can benefit from listing their distractions as they come to mind.

  • A study aid for this type of learner may be to skim their reading material before reading the details.

  • May need to have music in the background while they study.

  • Benefit from field trips which are a whole body learning experience; using actions to enact the new information; making an object to represent new knowledge; or using role-playing activities.

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